What is Organic Cotton: Benefits, Production, and Uses

Nowadays many people ask themselves ‘what is organic cotton?’. Organic cotton is becoming increasingly popular as consumers become more aware of the negative impact of conventional cotton farming on the environment and the workers involved in its production. Organic cotton is a type of cotton that is grown using environmentally friendly and sustainable methods without the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, or genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Organic cotton is produced using organic farming practices that prioritize the use of natural resources and support the health of soil, ecosystems, and people.

In this article, we will explore what organic cotton is, its benefits, how it is produced, and its uses.


The process of growing organic cotton

Organic cotton is grown using methods that are in harmony with nature, preserving soil fertility and biodiversity while reducing pollution and waste. Farmers use natural fertilizers such as compost, manure, and cover crops to nourish the soil, and they use beneficial insects, birds, and other natural predators to control pests. Organic cotton farming also involves crop rotation and intercropping to promote healthy soil and reduce the risk of pests and disease.

The benefits of organic cotton

Organic cotton offers many benefits over conventional cotton. One of the most significant benefits is the reduction in exposure to harmful chemicals. Conventional cotton is one of the most heavily sprayed crops, and the use of pesticides and fertilizers has been linked to a range of health problems in humans and animals, including cancer, birth defects, and reproductive disorders. Organic cotton, on the other hand, is grown without the use of synthetic chemicals, making it safer for farmers, farm workers, and consumers.

Organic cotton also offers environmental benefits. Organic farming practices reduce water consumption, promote soil health, and preserve biodiversity. Organic cotton farming also reduces greenhouse gas emissions by eliminating the use of synthetic fertilizers, which contribute to climate change.

Read how we at TALL TAILORS make use of organic cotton here.

Comparison between organic cotton and conventional cotton

The difference between organic cotton and conventional cotton is not only in the farming process but also in the environmental and health impacts of their production.

Environmental impact

Conventional cotton farming has a significant impact on the environment, including water pollution, soil degradation, and biodiversity loss. Conventional cotton also contributes to climate change by releasing greenhouse gases through the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. Organic cotton farming, on the other hand, prioritizes the health of the soil, promotes biodiversity, and reduces water usage, making it a more sustainable and eco-friendly option.

Health benefits

Conventional cotton production involves the use of toxic pesticides and fertilizers that can harm human health. These chemicals have been linked to a range of health problems, including cancer, birth defects, and respiratory issues. Organic cotton farming eliminates the use of synthetic chemicals, making it safer for farmers, workers, and consumers.

The demand for organic cotton

As consumers become more conscious of the impact of their purchasing choices, the demand for organic cotton has increased. The fashion industry, in particular, has seen a growing interest in sustainable and organic textiles. Many fashion brands are now incorporating organic cotton into their collections as a way to meet the demands of their customers.

Organic cotton is also used in home textiles such as towels, bed linen, and curtains, as well as in baby clothing and other products.

Challenges in organic cotton production

Despite the many benefits of organic cotton, there are still challenges to its production. One of the main challenges is the cost of production, which can be higher than conventional cotton due to the increased labor and time required.

How to recognize organic cotton?

Organic cotton, also known as biologic cotton, organic cotton, or biocotton, comes in many different types and forms. It is often recognizable by a mention or logo on the label of theclothing. Of course, there are different sustainable certifications available. Below we outline some of the most common amongst the available certifications.

GOTS certified cotton

GOTS cotton refers to organic cotton that is certified according to the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS). This is an internationally recognized certification for textiles made from organic fibers, which includes not only cotton but also other natural fibers such as wool and linen. GOTS certification ensures that the cotton has been grown without the use of harmful chemicals and in a way that is sustainable and environmentally friendly. Additionally, GOTS certification requires that the cotton is processed using environmentally friendly methods and that the working conditions of those involved in the production process meet certain standards.

Fairtrade cotton

Fairtrade cotton is cotton that has been produced according to certain social and environmental standards, and the producers have been paid a fair price for their work. This means that the farmers who grow the cotton receive a minimum price for their crop, which is set at a level that ensures they can cover their costs of production and provide a decent standard of living for themselves and their families. Additionally, a premium is paid on top of the minimum price, which is used for community development projects, such as education or healthcare initiatives. Fairtrade cotton also requires that workers are treated fairly and work in safe conditions. Overall, fairtrade cotton aims to create a more sustainable and equitable supply chain for cotton production.

Better Cotton Initiative

The Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) is a global not-for-profit organization that works with cotton farmers, retailers, and other stakeholders to promote more sustainable cotton production. BCI aims to reduce the environmental impact of cotton production by promoting more efficient use of water, reducing the use of harmful pesticides and chemicals, and promoting biodiversity. Additionally, BCI aims to improve the livelihoods and economic opportunities of cotton farmers by providing training and support in sustainable farming practices, as well as by promoting fair working conditions and community development initiatives. BCI does not certify cotton as organic, but rather promotes a more holistic approach to sustainability that takes into account social, environmental, and economic factors.

OEKO TEX 100 Standard

The OEKO-TEX Standard 100 is a globally recognized certification system for textile products that tests for harmful substances. The certification process involves testing for over 100 harmful substances, including chemicals that are regulated by law and chemicals that are known to be harmful to health, but are not yet regulated. Textile products that meet the OEKO-TEX Standard 100 have been tested and certified to be free from harmful levels of these substances. This certification is applicable to all stages of textile production, from the raw materials to the finished product. The OEKO-TEX Standard 100 certification provides consumers with confidence that the textiles they are purchasing are safe and free from harmful substances.


In conclusion, organic cotton is a more sustainable and ethical alternative to conventional cotton. Its benefits include improved health, environmental sustainability, and social responsibility. Although there are challenges to organic cotton farming, its increasing popularity and demand indicate that consumers are willing to pay for more sustainable and ethical products.

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Your waist circumference 82-84 87-89 92-94 97-99 102-104
Choose waist size 30 32 34 36 38
Your leg length 88-92 93-97 98-102
Choose length size 34 36 38

We recommend you to choose the size which you are wearing for your everyday jeans. However, when you are not sure which size to choose, you can use this sizing table as an advise.

Waistsize: Your waist circumference measured at about the waistband of your boxershorts.
Lengthsize: Your inner leg length. Measured from your crotch, all the way to the floor, in a straight line.

When in doubt, please do not hesitate to contact us!

Product information Classic Sweatpants
Classic Sweatpants Inseam Waist Hip Upper leg Leg opening
W32 x L34 76 80 110 59 26
W32 x L36 81 80 110 59 26
W32 x L38 86 80 110 60 26
W34 x L34 75 85 112 61 27
W34 x L36 79 85 112 61 27
W34 x L38 84 85 112 62 27
W36 x L36 78 89,5 114 62 28
W36 x L38 83 89,5 114 63 28

Please note these are the dimensions of the actual product. We recommend you to not use these dimensions to determine which size you should order. Use the sizing-table at the top of this page in stead.

Product information Timeless Chinos
Timeless Chinos Inseam Waist Hip Upper leg Leg opening
W30 x L34 86,3 84 108 61 34
W30 x L36 91,4 84 108 61 34
W32 x L34 86,3 88 112 63,5 35
W32 x L36 91,4 88 112 63,5 35
W32 x L38 96,5 88 112 63,5 35
W34 x L36 91,4 92 116 66 36
W34 x L38 96,5 92 116 66 36
W36 x L36 91,4 96 120 68,5 37
W36 x L38 96,5 96 120 68,5 37
W38 x L38 96,5 100 124 71 38

Please note these are the dimensions of the actual product. We recommend you to not use these dimensions to determine which size you should order. Use the sizing-table at the top of this page in stead.